Autour du chantier de la future Shanghai Tower, de larges fissures se sont ouvertes dans la chaussée. Les habitants de Pudong s'inquiètent. Les concepteurs et la ville tentent de les rassurer. Le sol est qualifié ici de "tofu" et la roche mère est à plus de 300m de profondeur...
Construire la deuxième plus haute tour au monde (632m) sur un sol boueux sans aucune consistance, l'expérience est intéressante.
Ce jour là les fissures avaient déjà disparu. Le tiers de la structure principale est réalisé. La forêt de tour de Pudong est de plus en plus touffue et les innombrables centre commerciaux de Lujiazui de plus en plus luxueux.
Extrait d'un article en ligne du quotidien China Daily du 21 février 2012
"One fissure is 8 meters long and about 4 centimeters wide at some points, with about 5 cm drop from one side to the other. -China Daily/ANN
SHANGHAI - Large cracks on the ground around the Shanghai Tower that are causing public alarm are nothing to worry about, say the builders of what will become China's tallest skyscraper.
"The surface cracks, which were caused by a usual settlement of the foundation ditch, are in a controlled and safe state," said a statement sent to China Daily by Shanghai Tower Construction and Development on Monday.
It added that an independent team of experts had been closely and constantly monitoring surrounding structures since construction on the 632-meter tower began.
Public concern was triggered when a micro blog user uploaded several pictures of the ground fissures near the building site in Pudong district last week and noted that the ground on each side of one large crack was uneven. The cracks, which stretch across one side of the exit road from the Shanghai World Finance Center opposite the tower site, have been patched with cement.
One fissure is 8 meters long and about 4 centimeters wide at some points, with about 5 cm drop from one side to the other. Cracks also spread to adjacent flowerbeds and the sidewalk. Some residents have speculated that the cracks were caused by land subsidence due to the high density of high-rise buildings in the area. The information office of the Shanghai municipal government updated its official micro blog on Thursday, and said the underground structural engineering of Shanghai Tower was completed at the end of last year, and the factors that caused the subsidence have been eliminated.
Ge Qing, design director of Shanghai Tower Construction and Development, also wrote messages on Sina Weibo, confirming all was safe and sound during construction of the base of Shanghai Tower. Engineering experts said such "settlement" cracks were common anywhere in the world and had nothing to do with the weight or height of buildings. "Groundwater and rainfall may be blamed for settlements, and the soft soil foundation in Shanghai is another reason," said Liu Dongwei, chief architect of the China Institute of Building Standard Design and Research. "So it is important to take foreseeable problems into consideration before construction and making safer design plans to prevent the large-scale emergence of cracks."
Dozens of skyscrapers, each taller than 100 m, gather in the Lujiazui area of the city, including the 101-story Shanghai World Finance Center and 88-story Jin Mao Tower. Shanghai Tower is due for completion in 2014 when it will become the tallest building in China and the second tallest worldwide."
Article rassurant, l’Institut d’études géologiques de Shanghai sonne pourtant l’alarme : entre la tour du World Financial Center (492 m de haut), la tour Jinmao (420 m) et le chantier de la future Shanghai Tower (632 m), une nouvelle fissure du sol vient d’apparaître. Plusieurs autres s’étaient déjà déclarées. La capitale économique chinoise est en danger ! Les géologues en indiquent la cause : « l’exploitation à outrance des nappes phréatiques dans les nouveaux centres urbains ». C’est à cause du pompage excessif des eaux que Shanghai s’affaisse… Le sol de trois autres régions en plein essor est miné par cette surconsommation qui vide les aquifères : des trous s’ouvrent dans les rues, des voies TGV se gondolent et 79000 km2 sont descendus de vingt centimètres…
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